Looking for a Good Pentatonic Scale Lesson? Look No Further.

And why do you need a pentatonic scale lesson? Because pentatonic scales are VERY useful in learning music theory, writing or arranging music, and ESPECIALLY improvising. The word "pentatonic" comes from the Greek "pente" meaning 5 and the Latin "tonicus" meaning tone. So a pentatonic scale is a scale with only 5 tones. there are two standard pentatonic scales: major and minor. They actually are the same scale, just inverted (flipped) differently as I'll explain in a minute.

We'll start with the major pentatonic. As with most scales, we will be working with their scale degrees. A major pentatonic scale consists of 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6. So it is basically a major scale with the 4 and 7 left out.

Ex. C D E F G A B C 

C D E G A

Ex. F# G# A# B C# D# E# F#

F# G# A# C# D#

With a minor pentatonic, we use 1, 3, 4, 5, and 7. So it is basically a minor scale with the 2 and 6 left out.

Ex. A B C D E F G A 

A C D E G 

Ex. D# E# F# G# A# B C# D# 

D# F# G# A# C#

Notice how the C major pentatonic and the A minor pentatonic use the same 5 notes and the F# major and the D# minor use the same 5 notes. This brings us and important point:

NOTE: Any key and it's relative will use the same 5 notes for their pentatonic scales.

So how do I tell if a pentatonic scale is major or minor?

In almost all music, using pentatonic scales, the chords in the background will be the most helpful way of determining whether it's major or minor.

Most music will be based around the root of the scale. So if you're hearing a pentatonic scale that is in either C major or A minor, listen to see if you're hearing more A's or C's. If you hear more A's, it's probably in A minor. If you hear more C's, it's probably in C. Again, they are the same scales, they are just different in tone or mood.

Minor tones will usually sound more sad and dissonant, and major tones will usually sound more resolved and happy.


Return from Pentatonic Scale Lesson to Intermediate 
Return from Pentatonic Scale Lesson to Homepage

Enjoy this page? Please pay it forward. Here's how...

Would you prefer to share this page with others by linking to it?

  1. Click on the HTML link code below.
  2. Copy and paste it, adding a note of your own, into your blog, a Web page, forums, a blog comment, your Facebook account, or anywhere that someone would find this page valuable.
 

Sign up for the newsletter!